Author Archives: Sukhjit Singh

Digital collaboration

Last updated on November 15th, 2022 at 01:24 pm

Lind M., Bergstrand J., Haraldson S., Lind K., Roos A. (2022) A Federative Approach to Digital Transport Ecosystem Innovation, Transport Research Arena (TRA) Conference, Lisbon, Transportation Research Procedia.

Lind M., Haraldson S., Lind K., Lehmacher W., Svan M., Renz M., Gardeitchik J., Singh S., Zuesongdham P. (2021) ”The model way to develop sustainable ports through digitalisation”, 2021-11-11, The Loadstar.

Lind M., Haraldson S., Lind K., Lehmacher W., Svan M., Renz M., Gardeitchik J., Singh S., Zuesongdham P. (2021) ”Ports of tomorrow: measuring digital maturity to empower sustainable port operations and business ecosystems”, 2021-11-10, The Maritime Executive.

Lind M., Roark A., Sancricca M., Zerem A., Becha H., Di Paola E., Mulder H. (2020) Collaborative technologies for maritime transports at economies of scale, Smart Maritime Network, 22/12-2020 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/12/22/standards-required-to-maximise-maritime-cloud-opportunities/)

Lind M., Becha H., Simha A., Larsen S. E., Ben-Amram E., Marchand D. (2020) The maritime ecosystem needs ecosystem innovation to avoid “paving the cow paths”, The Maritime Executive, 9/12-2020 (https://www.maritime-executive.com/editorials/maritime-ecosystem-needs-innovation-to-avoid-paving-the-cow

Lind M., Bergmann M., Haraldson S., Watson R.T., Park J., Gimenez J., Andersen T. (2018) The skilled collaborators – the winners in a digitized maritime sector, Concept Note #2, STM Validation Project (https://www.ipcdmc.org/galerie)

Lind M., Bergmann M., Haraldson S., Watson R.T., Park J., Gimenez J., Andersen T. (2018) Creating a mature data sharing regime – Thriving in the connected ecosystem, Concept Note #4, STM Validation Project (https://www.ipcdmc.org/galerie)

Lind M., Simha (2020) Don’t Miss Out on Joining the World’s Digital Collaboration, The Maritime Executive, 13/2-2020 (https://maritime-executive.com/editorials/don-t-miss-out-on-joining-the-world-s-digital-collaboration-1)

Lind M., Simha A. (2019) Digital technologies are enabling better collaboration in shipping! Make sure that you are not left out!, 30/10-2019 (https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/digital-technologies-enabling-better-collaboration-shipping-lind/ and https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/digital-technologies-enabling-better-collaboration-shipping-simha/)

JÃ T., Schirmer I., Drews P., Saxe S., Baldauf U. (2018) Supporting Diffusion of Iot Solutions Exemplified by the Chainport Initiative, 24th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2018), New Orleans

Haraldson S., Holmberg P-E., Karlsson M. (2015) Co-Using Infrastructure for Sustainability in Maritime Transports, 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015), Puerto Rico 

Standardization and information sharing communities

Last updated on November 27th, 2021 at 04:29 am

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Simha A., Porto L., Mulder H., Huesmann R., Almança L. (2021) The dynamics around the digitisation of documents – The eBL as vehicle towards a more data-driven approach, 26/11-2021, The Maritime Executive.

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Simha A., Porto L., Mulder H., Huesmann R., Almança L. (2021) Shipping e-docs set to emulate airlines with digital take-off, 24/11-2021, The Loadstar.

Schleyerbach H., Mulder H. (2021) The Role of Industry-based Standards Organisations in Digital Transformation, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

Louw-Reimer J., Nielsen J. L. M., Bjørn-Andersen N., Kouwenhoven N. (2021) Boosting the effectiveness of containerised supply chains – A case study of TradeLens, , in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

De Cauwer N., Fontanet M., Garcia J. A., Greven H., Juhl J. S., Probert S., Renz M., Rødseth Ø. J. (2021)  The IMO Reference Data Model – one solution fits most!, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

De Cauwer N., Fontanet M., Garcia J. A., Greven H., Juhl J. S., Probert S., Renz M., Rødseth Ø. J. (2021)  The IMO Reference Data Model – one solution fits most!, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

Schleyerbach H., Mulder H. (2021) The Role of Industry-based Standards Organisations in Digital Transformation, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

Louw-Reimer J., Nielsen J. L. M., Bjørn-Andersen N., Kouwenhoven N. (2021) Boosting the effectiveness of containerised supply chains – A case study of TradeLens, , in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

Becha H., Lind M., Simha A., Bottin F., Larsen S. E. (2020) Standardisation in container shipping is key to boosting economies of scale – importance of data collaboration between shipping lines, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-05-14 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Standardisation-and-the-importance-of-data-collaboration-between-shipping-lines.pdf)

Bergmann M., Primor O., Chrysostomou A. (2021), Digital data sharing for enhanced decision making, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime Informatics (chapter 10), Springer.

Bergmann M., Schröder M., Ward R., Andersen T. (2020) Maritime Digitalisation: the foundation for tomorrow’s Port Calls, 4/5-2020, Smart Maritime Network (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/05/04/maritime-digitalisation-the-foundation-for-tomorrows-port-calls/)

Lind M., Becha H., Simha A., Bottin F., Larsen S. E. (2020) Digital Containerisation, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-06-18 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Information-transparency-through-standardized-messaging-and-interfacing.pdf)

Lind M., Bergmann M., Watson R.T., Haraldson S., Park J., Gimenez J., Andersen T., Voorspuij J. (2018) Towards Unified Port Communications – from a project format to a global standard, Concept Note #9, STM Validation Project (https://www.ipcdmc.org/galerie)

Lind M., Gogh van M., Becha H., Kouwenhoven N., Lehmacher W., Lund E., Mulder H., Murphy N., Simha A. (2020) Information Sharing Communities for Digitally Enabled Supply Chain Visibility, Article No. 64 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°88 – Fourth Quarter 2020] (https://unctad.org/news/information-sharing-communities-digitally-enabled-supply-chain-visibility)

Lind M., Renz M. (2020) Do maritime authorities have a role in digitalization of shipping?
– the “Digital (port)Approach” in a sea transport context, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-07-02 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/The-digital-approach-in-context.pdf)

Lind, M., Haraldson, S., Karlsson, M., Watson, R. T., & Holmberg, P.-E. (2015). Enabling Port Efficiency by increased Collaboration and Information Sharing–Towards a Standardized Port Call Message Format. In: WCTRS-SIG2, The Port and Maritime Sector: Key Developments and Changes, University of Antwerp.

Thomas D., O’Malley S. (2021), The Necessity of Standards for Maritime Informatics in Ship Operations, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Dominic T., O’Malley S. (2020) The Necessity and History of Standards in Maritime Informatics: Current Example of Shipboard Software Governance, 26th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2020), Salt Lake City1

Smart containers

Last updated on December 5th, 2020 at 09:10 am

Becha H., Frazier T., Lind M., Schröder M., Voorspuij J. (2020) Smart Containers and Situational Awareness, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-08-12 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/08/12/the-cargo-owners-case-for-smart-containers/)

Becha H., Schroeder M., Voorspuij J., Frazier T., Lind M. (2021), Global Data Exchange Standards: The Basis for Future Smart Container Digital Services, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Maritime supply chains

Last updated on November 15th, 2022 at 01:18 pm

Raza Z., Woxenius J., Vural C. A., Lind M. (2023) Digital transformation of maritime logistics: Exploring trends in the liner shipping segment, Computers in Industry, Volume 145, February 2023, 103811 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2022.103811)

Lehmacher W., Lind M. (2022) Building a Fluid Goods Mobility System – A Call for Moving Beyond Data Sharing for Supply Chain Visibility, in Malek A. (Eds.) Intersection: Reimagining the future of mobility across traditional boundaries, R-521, SAE International (https://www.sae.org/publications/books/content/r-521/)

Lehmacher W., Lind M. (2021) COP26: 5Zs that changed the world, Part 1–Defining the moment”, LogiSym – the Magazine for Supply Chain Executives, December-January 2021 (page 32-34) (logisym.org)

Lehmacher W., Lind M. (2021) COP26: 5Zs that changed the world, Part 2–Defining the execution”, LogiSym – the Magazine for Supply Chain Executives, February 2022 (page 22-24) (logisym.org)

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Hoffmann J., Jensen L., Notteboom T., Rydbergh T., Sand P., Haraldson S., White R., Becha H., Berglund P. (2022) An expanded JIT approach: Improving synchronization across maritime value chains, Marine Technology, January 2022, The society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Hoffmann J., Jensen L., Notteboom T., Rydbergh T., Sand P., Haraldson S., White R., Becha H., Berglund P. (2022) Synchronization across maritime value chains can ease inflation, 1/2-2021, The Loadstar.

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Simha A., Porto L., Mulder H., Huesmann R., Almança L. (2021) The dynamics around the digitisation of documents – The eBL as vehicle towards a more data-driven approach, 26/11-2021, The Maritime Executive.

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Simha A., Porto L., Mulder H., Huesmann R., Almança L. (2021) Shipping e-docs set to emulate airlines with digital take-off, 24/11-2021, The Loadstar.

Lind M., Bergstrand J., Haraldson S., Lind K.,Olsson E., Roos A., Renz M., Strokirk C., Bull Sletholt K., Björkman A., Carling K., Ivansson G., Karlsson M., Rudolfsson P. (2021) A digital ecosystem supporting sustainable multimodal supply chains, 2021-09-06, The Loadstar.

Lind M., Bergstrand J., Haraldson S., Lind K.,Olsson E., Roos A., Renz M., Strokirk C., Bull Sletholt K., Björkman A., Carling K., Ivansson G., Karlsson M., Rudolfsson P. (2021) Digital ecosystem innovation in action – a federative approach to sustainable and seamless multi-modal transport chains, 2021-09-06, Smart Maritime Network.

Lind M., Alvarado J.L., Mulder H., Nykänen L. and Piccoli G. (2021) Digital data sharing for greener transport in sustainable supply chains – the benefits of establishing a Federated network of platforms, 3/6-2021, Smart Maritime Network.

Lind M., Alvarado J.L., Mulder H., Nykänen L. and Piccoli G. (2021) Digital data sharing for green transport – a FEDeRATED approach, 3/6-2021, The LoadStar.

Lehmacher W., Lind M., van Gogh M., Becha H., Kouwenhoven N., Lund E., Mulder H., Simha A., Clary F., Renz M., Murphy N. (2021) Responding to humanitarian and global concerns with digitally enabled supply chain visibility, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Hoffmann J., Jensen L., Notteboom T., Rydbergh T., Sand P., Haraldson S., White R., Becha H., Berglund P. (2021) Finite port resources can be stretched with dynamic digital developments, The Loadstar, 30/6-2021

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Hoffmann J., Jensen L., Notteboom T., Rydbergh T., Sand P., Haraldson S., White R., Becha H., Berglund P. (2021) Improving a congested maritime supply chain with time slot management for port calls, The Maritime Executive, 29/6-2021

Lind M., Alvarado J.L., Mulder H., Nykänen L. and Piccoli G. (2021) Digital data sharing for greener transport in sustainable supply chains – the benefits of establishing a Federated network of platforms, 3/6-2021, Smart Maritime Network

Lind M., Alvarado J.L., Mulder H., Nykänen L. and Piccoli G. (2021) Digital data sharing for green transport – a FEDeRATED approach, 3/6-2021, The LoadStar

Michaelides M., Lind M., Green L., Askvik J., Siokouros Z. (2021), Decision Support in Short Sea Shipping, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Voorspuij J., Becha H. (2021), Digitalisation in maritime regional and global supply chains, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Ward R., Gahnström J., Hägg M., Olindersson F., Lind M., Green S. (2021), Decision support for voyaging, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Simha A., Becha H. (2020) Creating value for the transport buyer with Digital Data Streams, 9/3-2020, Maritime executive (https://www.maritime-executive.com/editorials/creating-value-for-the-transport-buyer-with-digital-data-streams)

Lind M., Michaelides M., Ward R., Herodotou H., Watson  R.T. (2019) Boosting data-sharing to improve Short Sea Shipping Performance: Evidence from Limassol port calls analysis, Article No. 35 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°82 – Second Quarter 2019] (https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=2102)

Michaelides M., Herodotou H., Lind, M., and Watson R. T. (2019) Port-2-Port Communication Enhancing Short Sea Shipping Performance: The Case Study of Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean. Sustainability Journal, Vol. 11, No. 7, pp. 1912-34

Lind M. (2018) Digital data sharing in maritime transport chains, Digital Ship, November 2018 (pp. 6) (www.thedigitalship.com)

Lind M., Bergmann M., Haraldson S., Watson R.T., Michaelides M., Herodotou H., Voskarides S. (2018) Port-2-Port Communication Enabling Short Sea Shipping: Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean, Concept Note #5, STM Validation Project (https://www.ipcdmc.org/galerie)

Lind M., Karlsson F., Watson R.T., Bergmann M., Hägg M. (2018) Empowering the chain of operations in berth-to-berth sea transports by digitization, Concept Note #8, STM Validation Project (https://www.ipcdmc.org/galerie)

Lind M., Watson  R.T., Ward R., Bergmann M., Bjørn-Andersen N., Rosemann M., Haraldson, S., Andersen T.,  (2018) Digital Data Sharing: The Ignored Opportunity for Making Global Maritime Transport Chains More Efficient , Article No. 22 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°79 – Third Quarter 2018] (https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=1850)

Lind M., Watson R.T., Bergmann M., Ward R., Bjørn-Andersen N., Haraldson S., Rosemann M., Andersen T., Delmeire N. (2018) Process completeness for effective maritime ecosystems, Concept Note #12, STM Validation Project (https://www.ipcdmc.org/galerie)

Lind M., Watson R.T., Bergmann M., Ward R., Bjørn-Andersen N., Jensen T., Haraldson S., Zerem A., Rosemann M. (2018) Digitizing the maritime eco-system – Improving door-to-door coordination via a digitized transport chain, Concept Note #11, STM Validation Project (https://www.ipcdmc.org/galerie)

Lind, M., Bergmann, M., Hägg, M., Karlsson, F., Siwe, U., & Watson, R. T. (2018). Sea Traffic Management – The Route to the Future. Paper presented at the COMPIT’18, Pavone, Italy.

Lind, M., Brödje, A., Haraldson, S., Hägg, M., Watson R.T. (2015). Digitalisation for sustainable sea transports. In M. Fiorini & J.-C. Lin (Eds.), Clean Mobility and Intelligent Transport Systems (Vol. 1, pp. 187-217): IET.

Haraldson S. (2015) Digitalization of Sea Transports–Enabling Sustainable Multi-Modal Transports, 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015), Puerto Rico

Lind M., Brödje A., Watson R.T., Haraldson S., Holmberg P-E., Hägg M. (2014) Digital Infrastructures for enabling Sea Traffic Management, The 10th International Symposium ISIS 2014 “Integrated Ship’s Information Systems“

Maritime Informatics – foundational

Last updated on December 20th, 2022 at 03:35 am

Watson R. T., Lind M., Lehmacher W. (2022) Stacking the odds in favour of change and innovation, SHIPPING Network – The official magazine of the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers, Issue 71, December 2022 

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Watson R. T. (2022) Collaboration and digitalization for balanced economic and societal capital creation by shipping, Article No. 96 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°96 – Fourth Quarter 2022] (https://unctad.org/news/transport-newsletter-article-no-96-fourth-quarter-2022)

Lind M., Michaelides M., Ward R., Watson R. T.  (2021, Eds), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Michaelides M., Ward R., Watson R. T.  (2021, Eds), Maritime informatics: Additional Perspectives and Applications. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Watson R.T.., Lehmacher W. (2021) Key steps towards a high performing maritime industry, Container-News, 27/3-2021 (https://container-news.com/key-steps-to-a-high-performance-maritime-industry/).

Watson R.T., Haraldson S., Lind M., Singh S., Thomas D., Voolspuij J. M., Ward R. (2021) Foundations of maritime informatics, World of Shipping Portugal. An International Research Conference on Maritime Affairs 28 – 29 January 2021, CIMOSM (Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa), Portugal.

Michaelides M.,  Herodotou H., Schmitt P., Karlson M.,  Kyriakides I., Hayes D.,  Fu X. (2021) Maritime informatics technology, World of Shipping Portugal. An International Research Conference on Maritime Affairs 28 – 29 January 2021, CIMOSM (Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa), Portugal.

Lind M., Ward R., Harnischmacher C., Michaelides M., Park J.H., Forcellati C.L., Panayides P. M., Becha H. (2021) Maritime informatics and decision making, World of Shipping Portugal. An International Research Conference on Maritime Affairs 28 – 29 January 2021, CIMOSM (Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa), Portugal.

Haraldson S., Lind M., Breitenbach S., Croston J. C., Karlsson M., Hirt G. (2021), The Port as a set of Socio-Technical Systems: A multi-organisational view, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Michaelides M., Ward R., Watson R. T. (2021), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Ward R., Bergmann M., Haraldson S., Zerem A., Hoffman J., Eklund E. (2021), Maritime Informatics for increased collaboration, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Ward R., Hvid Jensen H., Chua C. P., Simha A., Karlsson J., Göthberg L., Penttinen T. (2021), The future of shipping – collaboration through digital data sharing, , in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Lind M., Watson R., Chua C. P., Levy D., Theodossiou S., Primor O., Picco A. (2020) A Primer for a Profitable and Sustainable Maritime Business, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-09-09 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/09/09/prime-considerations-for- shipping-success/ )

Lind M., Watson R., Hoffmann J., Ward R., Michaelides M. (2020) Maritime Informatics: an emerging discipline for a digitally connected efficient, sustainable and resilient industry, Article No. 59[UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°87 – Third Quarter 2020] (https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=2456)

Lind, M., Watson, R. T., Park, J. H., Svedberg, U., & Holmberg, P.-E. (2014). Maritime Informatics – How ITS is transforming the shipping industry. Paper presented at the Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress, Detroit.

Singh S., Sengupta B. (2021), Sustainable Maritime Transport and Maritime Informatics, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Ward R., Bjørn-Andersen N. (2021), The Origins of Maritime Informatics, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Eds.) Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Watson R. T., Lind M., Delmeire N., Liesa F. (2021), Shipping: A Self-Organising Ecosystem, in M. Lind, M. Michaelides, R. Ward, R. T. Watson (Ed.), Maritime informatics. Heidelberg: Springer.

Watson, R. T., & Lind, M. (2015). A Research Agenda for Self-Organizing Ecosystems: The Case for Maritime Informatics. SSRN.

Guven Kocak S. (2015) Maritime Informatics Framework and Literature Survey-Ecosystem Perspective, 21st Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015), Puerto Rico

An J., Hyunhee J., Seung Kyoon S. (2016) Configuring Value with Service-Dominant Logic: The Case of Marine Informatics Technology, 22nd Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2016), San Diego

MARITIME INFORMATICS – ACADEMICS AND PRACTITIONERS PERSPECTIVE

“The maritime industry is plagued by disjointed processes, originating from centuries old practices. The replication of information, and multiple handover points, result in inefficiencies and waste, which curtail, rather than accelerate, global trade. With digitalization, the maritime sector has begun to seize the opportunity to re-engineer and collaborate through the development of data standards and process re-engineering. Maritime informatics is thus becoming a new domain, which is critical for enabling innovation and efficiency in the global supply chains.”, Steen Erik Larsen, Head of Technology Mergers & Acquisitions, Maersk.

Domain knowledge is the key predictor of the success of any intervention, such as an implementing an information system or a having a hip replacement. Consequently, as a field grows it forks into specialist areas. For example, medicine now has over a hundred specialties, from allergists to vascular surgeons. Maritime Informatics has emerged as a specialist area of information systems, because a deep domain knowledge of shipping and transport is essential for information systems designers to communicate with industry executives and to understand specific relevant technologies, such as AIS and smart containers.”, Professor Rick Watson, University of Georgia, U.S.A

”The COVID-19 crisis has given a further push to maritime informatics and the digitalization of logistics. We now need to ensure that we lock-in the advances made during lock-down. This will then also help us with our next and even bigger challenge: The decarbonization of shipping.”, Jan Hoffmann, Chief, Trade Logistics Branch, Division on Technology and Logistics, UNCTAD

Shipping is global, digitalization enables global connectivity, and there are numerous opportunities coming out of digitally gluing the many actors engaged in the maritime transport chains together. By the discipline of Maritime Informatics, we can now join forces in securing a sustainable world.”, Associate Professor Mikael Lind, Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE) and Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden

Maritime Informatics in trade press

Last updated on June 17th, 2022 at 08:28 am

Singh S., Carson-Jackson J., Rambarath -Parasram V., Lind M., Lehmacher W.,  Watson R.,  Haraldson S., Frits Eriksson O. (2022) Are we on track? XTE and Maritime Education and Training, January 2022, Seaway – The International Journal of The Nautical Institute

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Hoffmann J., Jensen L., Notteboom T., Rydbergh T., Sand P., Haraldson S., White R., Becha H., Berglund P. (2022) An expanded JIT approach: Improving synchronization across maritime value chains, Marine Technology, January 2022, The society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers (https://maritimeinformatics.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/An-Expanded-JIT-Approach.pdf )

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Hoffmann J., Jensen L., Notteboom T., Rydbergh T., Sand P., Haraldson S., White R., Becha H., Berglund P. (2022) Synchronization across maritime value chains can ease inflation, 1/2-2022, The Loadstar (https://theloadstar.com/synchronisation-across-maritime-value-chains-can-ease-inflation/)

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Poikonen J., Gardeitchik J. (2022) Flattening the curve of infrastructure utilization by flexible port opening hours – an artificial intelligence use case for smart resource allocation, 2/3-2022, The Loadstar (https://theloadstar.com/comment-ai-can-flatten-the-port-infrastructure-utilisation-curve/)

Lehmacher W., Lind M. (2022) Building a Fluid Goods Mobility System – A Call for Moving Beyond Data Sharing for Supply Chain Visibility, in Malek A. (Eds.) Intersection: Reimagining the future of mobility across traditional boundaries, R-521, SAE International (https://www.sae.org/publications/books/content/r-521/)

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Haraldson S., Simha A., Larsson T., Hagerstrand-Avall B., Lyrberg M., Zuesongdham P., Hurley S., Fu X. (2022) Virtual Watch Towers for Supply Chain Visibility, 29/3-2022, Smart Maritime Network (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2022/03/29/virtual-watch-towers-for-supply-chain-visibility/)

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Haraldson S., Simha A., Larsson T., Hagerstrand-Avall B., Lyrberg M., Zuesongdham P., Hurley S., Fu X. (2022) Virtual Watch Towers for Supply Chain Visibility, Executive summary, 1/4-2022, Trans.info  (https://trans.info/en/virtual-watch-towers-282429)

Lind M., Haraldson S., Lind K., Bergstrand J., Roos A., Lundgren M. (2022) The Role of Democratic Platforms in Transport System Innovation, 14th ITS European Congress, Toulouse, France, 30 May-1 June 2022

Lind M., Lehmacher (2022) TradeTech has huge potential to boost trade – here’s what policy-makers should know, 12/4-2022, World Economic Forum (https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/04/4-ways-tradetech-policy-regulation/)

Lehmacher W., Lind M. (2021) COP26: 5Zs that changed the world, Part 2–Defining the execution”, LogiSym – the Magazine for Supply Chain Executives, February 2022 (page 22-24) (logisym.org)

Becha H., Frazier T., Lind M., Schröder M., Voorspuij J. (2020) Smart Containers and Situational Awareness, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-08-12 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/08/12/the-cargo-owners-case-for-smart-containers/)

Becha H., Lind M., Simha A., Bottin F. (2020) Smart ports: On the move to becoming global logistics information exchange hubs, Smart Maritime Network, 20/4-2020 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/04/20/smart-ports-on-the-move-to-become-global-logistics-information-exchange-hubs/)

Becha H., Lind M., Simha A., Bottin F., Larsen S. E. (2020) Standardisation in container shipping is key to boosting economies of scale – importance of data collaboration between shipping lines, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-05-14 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Standardisation-and-the-importance-of-data-collaboration-between-shipping-lines.pdf)

Lind M. (2017) Beauty of co-ordinated port calls, June 2017, Port Strategy (www.portstrategy.com)

Lind M. (2018) Digital data sharing in maritime transport chains, Digital Ship, November 2018 (pp. 6) (www.thedigitalship.com)

Lind M., Becha H., Simha A., Bottin F., Larsen S. E. (2020) Digital Containerisation, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-06-18 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Information-transparency-through-standardized-messaging-and-interfacing.pdf)

Lind M., Becha H., Simha A., Bottin F., Larsen S. E. (2020) Smart Decision-Making and Collaborative Alignment, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-08-20 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/08/20/smart-decision-making-and-collaborative-alignment/)

Lind M., Becha H., Watson R. T., Kouwenhoven N., Zuesongdham P., Baldauf U. (2020) Digital twins for the maritime sector, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-07-15 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Digital-twins-for-the-maritime- sector.pdf)

Lind M., Bergmann M., Andersen T. (2019) Improving predictability of shipping to reduce emissions by ports and maritime transport, Article published on LinkedIn (https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/improving-predictability-shipping-reduce-emissions-ports-mikael-lind/)

Lind M., Bergmann M., Ward R. Carson-Jackson J. (2018) Port Collaborative Decision Making – Making port calls more predictable can improve the experience for ships’ Masters and ship operations calls, Seaways, December 2018 (www.nautinst.org/seaways)

Lind M., Chua C.P., Bergmann M., Fu X. (2019) Enabling Efficient Tanker Operation through Collaboration and Data-sharing, Ed. 89, pp. 128-131, Port Technology Journal (www.porttechnology.org)

Lind M., Gardeitchik J., Carson-Jackson J., Haraldson S., Zuesongdham P.(2020) ‘Get Smart’ – Developing smart maritime ecosystems, Seaways, July 2020 (www.nautinst.org/seaways)

Lind M., Renz M. (2020) Do maritime authorities have a role in digitalization of shipping? – the “Digital (port)Approach” in a sea transport context, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-07-02 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/The-digital-approach-in-context.pdf)

Lind M., Simha (2020) Don’t Miss Out on Joining the World’s Digital Collaboration, The Maritime Executive, 13/2-2020 (https://maritime-executive.com/editorials/don-t-miss-out-on-joining-the-world-s-digital-collaboration-1)

Lind M., Simha A. (2019) Digital technologies are enabling better collaboration in shipping! Make sure that you are not left out!, 30/10-2019 (https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/digital-technologies-enabling-better-collaboration-shipping-lind/ and https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/digital-technologies-enabling-better-collaboration-shipping-simha/)

Lind M., Simha A., Becha H. (2020) Creating value for the transport buyer with Digital Data Streams, 9/3-2020, Maritime executive (https://www.maritime-executive.com/editorials/creating-value-for-the-transport-buyer-with-digital-data-streams)

Lind M., Ward R., Bergmann M., Haraldson S. (2019) How to boost port call operations, Insight no 10, Global Maritime Forum (https://www.globalmaritimeforum.org/news/how-to-boost-port-call-operations)

Lind M., Watson R.T., Bergmann M., Haraldson S., Gimenez J. (2017) Empowering Mega-terminals with gigabytes, Ed. 75, pp. 104-106, Port Technology Journal (www.porttechnology.org)

Lind M., Watson R., Chua C. P., Levy D., Theodossiou S., Primor O., Picco A. (2020) A Primer for a Profitable and Sustainable Maritime Business, Smart Maritime Network, 2020-09-09 (https://smartmaritimenetwork.com/2020/09/09/prime-considerations-for-shipping-success/

UNCTAD Articles

Last updated on December 20th, 2022 at 03:31 am

”The COVID-19 crisis has given a further push to maritime informatics and the digitalization of logistics. We now need to ensure that we lock-in the advances made during lock-down. This will then also help us with our next and even bigger challenge: The decarbonization of shipping.” Jan Hoffmann, Chief, Trade Logistics Branch, Division on Technology and Logistics, UNCTAD

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Watson R. T. (2022) Collaboration and digitalization for balanced economic and societal capital creation by shipping, Article No. 96 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°96 – Fourth Quarter 2022] (https://unctad.org/news/transport-newsletter-article-no-96-fourth-quarter-2022)

Lind M., Lehmacher W. (2022) Positioning partnerships in shipping decarbonization, Article No. 92 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°95 – Third Quarter 2022] (https://unctad.org/news/positioning-partnerships-shipping-decarbonization)

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Åhlén Björk S., Haraldson S., Pålsson C., Penttilä R., Tikka K., Watson R.T. (2022) Decarbonizing the maritime sector: Mobilizing coordinated action in the industry using an ecosystems approach, Article No. 89 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°94 – Second Quarter 2022] (https://unctad.org/news/decarbonizing-maritime-sector-mobilizing-coordinated-action-industry-using-ecosystems-approach)

Lind M., Haraldson S., Lind K., Lehmacher W., Svan M., Renz M., Gardeitchik J., Singh S., Zuesongdham P. (2021) ”Ports of tomorrow: measuring digital maturity to empower sustainable port operations and business ecosystems”, Article No. Article No. 82 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°92 – Fourth Quarter 2021] (https://unctad.org/news/ports-tomorrow-measuring-digital-maturity-empower-sustainable-port-operations-and-business)

Lind M., Lehmacher W., Knäpper I., van Gogh M., Maaouni T., Benhayoun J., Ashikhmin D., Lahmar H., Sigal M. (2021) Collaborative innovation within the maritime sector: the path to grow back better, Article No. 73 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°89 – First Quarter 2021] (https://unctad.org/news/collaborative-innovation-within-maritime-sector-path-grow-back-better)

Lind M., Gogh van M., Becha H., Kouwenhoven N., Lehmacher W., Lund E., Mulder H., Murphy N., Simha A. (2020) Information Sharing Communities for Digitally Enabled Supply Chain Visibility, Article No. 64[UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°88 – Fourth Quarter 2020] (https://unctad.org/news/information-sharing-communities-digitally-enabled-supply-chain-visibility

Lind M., Croston J. C. (2020) Rethinking maritime businesses for the digital age: the evolving role of ship agents, Article No. 49 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°85 – First Quarter 2020] (https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=2306)

Lind M., Michaelides M., Ward R., Herodotou H., Watson  R.T. (2019) Boosting data-sharing to improve Short Sea Shipping Performance: Evidence from Limassol port calls analysis, Article No. 35 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°82 – Second Quarter 2019] (https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=2102)

Lind M., Ward R., Bergmann M., Haraldson S., Zerem A. (2019) Digitalizing the port call process, UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Series No. 13, UNCTAD (https://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=2663)

Lind M., Watson  R.T., Ward R., Bergmann M., Bjørn-Andersen N., Rosemann M., Haraldson, S., Andersen T.,  (2018) Digital Data Sharing: The Ignored Opportunity for Making Global Maritime Transport Chains More Efficient , Article No. 22 [UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°79 – Third Quarter 2018] (https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=1850)

Lind M., Watson R., Hoffmann J., Ward R., Michaelides M. (2020) Maritime Informatics: an emerging discipline for a digitally connected efficient, sustainable and resilient industry, Article No. 59[UNCTAD Transport and Trade Facilitation Newsletter N°87 – Third Quarter 2020] (https://unctad.org/en/pages/newsdetails.aspx?OriginalVersionID=2456 

Maritime Informatics

Last updated on May 26th, 2021 at 08:53 am

Click HERE to get your copy

Over the last few years, as a result of our involvement in the shipping industry and in several European Union projects to improve the safety, efficiency, and the sustainability of shipping, the editors of this book have been developing the idea of Maritime Informatics as a specific thematic topic. We recognized that there are characteristics of the Maritime sector that require a specific approach to its digital transformation through information systems. Before we discuss these characteristics and their implications, we will first define Maritime Informatics and then go on to present our perspective on its development and application.

Maritime Informatics is the application of information systems to increasing the efficiency, safety,
and ecological sustainability of the world’s shipping industry.

Maritime Informatics is an applied science. Developed by data scientists to meet the needs of
practice and applied by practitioners and data scientists cooperatively.

Shipping, the most efficient way of transporting goods across the globe, handles about 90% of the world’s trade. It enables regions and countries to exploit their comparative advantage, and thus improves the lot of many citizens. Trade facilitated by shipping and application of Ricardo’s comparative advantage principle have created a global economy. The last few years, however, have demonstrated its fragility. Trade wars have flared, and the Covid-19 pandemic has demonstrated the brittleness of a highly interconnected society. As we have learned, a digital society can be quite agile in some regards, such as the use of video conferencing and webinars for meetings, but we still rely on people performing physical actions, such as stocking supermarket shelves, for many tasks. As a result, it is likely that robots will take on many critical physical operations to increase societal resilience, and also there could be localisation of some operations that currently take advantage of labour arbitrage. The localisation possibilities of robots and such things as 3D printing will have an impact on shipping volumes.

The sea has fascinated people for centuries. It has long been a source of transport, food, and entertainment.  However, with rising ocean temperatures, sea level increases, and massive plastic waste in the ocean, we are endangering a major source of food and seaside cities will have to spend billions on adjusting to more frequent flooding. At the same time, aquaculture and windfarms are adding to our dependency on the seas. All these developments support the case for Maritime Informatics. We need to increase the quality of maritime decision-making to improve its efficiency, so we do more with less, sustainability, by minimising the environmental impact, and safety, thereby protecting human lives and the environment.

Maritime informatics takes a holistic approach to shipping. Consequently, information requirements are strongly influenced by the self-organising nature of the shipping industry and the spatial-temporal data needed to manage a voyage and a port visit. Digital data streams are the fulcrum of coordination, because the many actors involved in a voyage and a port visit must share data in real-time to organise the many associated activities. Strong voices in the shipping industry are also pushing for a digital transformation that will result in higher levels of transparency, predictability, and visibility of all transport operations connected with shipping. There is a drive for enhanced situational awareness across the full spectrum of activities in the movement of goods from origin to destination.

Because of the high level of actor autonomy in this competitive industry, those who own and generate data want complete control over when they grant data access to others. Data owners tend only to authorise sharing of data when it is in their self-interest.

Much of the knowledge and practices for developing information systems is based upon building systems for internal use by an enterprise’s employees. Data access authorisation is stable. For example, an employee’s data access rights might persist for years. Whereas, in shipping, authority to access particular data will likely be limited to a port visit or a portion of a visit. Thus, you have to set aside notions of building centralised databases and focus on digital data streams whose flow and attributes could be precisely managed.

The automatic identification system (AIS) is the seed innovation for Maritime Informatics. It was the first widespread adoption of digital data stream technology within the shipping industry, and in this case the stream is openly accessible to those with a receiver. If the industry is to advance its digital transformation and for Maritime Informatics to bloom, it needs more standardised digital data streams to create shared information systems, such as a common situation awareness, that improve coordination and raise the capital productivity of transportation fleets and hubs. The industry is on the way to leaving behind non-standard data sharing using a variety of different media, from voice to fax to email, to settle upon standardised digital data exchange across the communication networks; something that creates the foundation for the next era of shipping.

An early and very beneficial digital innovation for the shipping industry was the Morse code and associated telegraphy equipment. Invented around 1837, the Morse code was the first international digital standard. 
Since the 1950s when General Electric (GE) purchased the first business computer, there has been a steady conversion of systems from analogue to digital. An early label was automated data processing (ADP) later followed by management information systems (MIS), and more recently a variety of terms, such as digitisation, digitalisation, and digital transformation, have been applied. Over this period, the essential goal of converting analogue to digital to lower the cost of business and improve customer service has not changed. It seems, however, that talking about a digital “something” currently gets managers more engaged than “ADP” or “MIS”.

The analogue to digital conversion has been the major force for productivity improvement for over half a century, and every business needs to stay on this track to remain competitive. Thus, in this book we have not been too concerned whether authors choose to use the words digitisation, digitalisation, or digital transformation. While there are pundits who write about the difference between these three terms, they do not always agree on their definitions. Consequently, people confuse them, and authors sometimes use them interchangeably. We do not think the difference matters that much. What matters is that businesses continue to use advances in information technology and network connectivity to transform business processes to raise efficiency and create a sustainable world. Whether you describe your goal as digitising, digitalising, or a digital transformation will unlikely make too much difference to the outcome.

In setting the scope for this book, we excluded the data communication layer. Also, while we include data exchange standards, we do not delve into their structure and features. We do not intend to imply that secure standardised data exchange is not important. Indeed, it is the foundation on which Maritime Informatics is built. We want, however, to focus attention on the processing of communicated data. 

The first objective of Maritime Informatics is to promote standardised digital data sharing to achieve high levels of coordination and resource utilisation. The ultimate goal is to use the data that accumulates through data sharing to develop and implement new types of shipping analytics, which will advance operational performance and strategic planning to further raise the capital productivity of the shipping industry. Maritime Informatics is about enabling understanding, predicting, advising, and improving maritime activity by digital means.

This work is the product of many minds across practice, academia, and the world. The contributors are from 20 countries; they include 46 from industy or government and 34 from universities or research institutes. With so many contributors, there is inevitably some repetition of key ideas and critical facts. As we expect that some might read only a few chapters, we decided it would be appropriate to leave some repetition in place to ensure that each chapter has the necessary context to meet its goals and does not require a linear reading of all prior chapters.

The purpose of this book is to give you insights into the current status and future directions of Maritime Informatics. We provide charts for you to successfully navigate your digital transformation through a waterway of connected ships, ports, and cargoes. Our vision is that Maritime Informatics will help you reach higher levels of operational performance and sounder strategic visions so that you reap the full benefits of digital transformation of the industry and your organisation in particular.[1]

About the editors

Dr Mikael Lind is Associate Professor and Senior Strategic Research Advisor at Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). He has initiated and headed a substantial part of several open innovation initiatives related to ICT for sustainable transports of people and goods. He is also part time at the Chalmers University of technology (M2), Sweden, exploring the opportunity of maritime informatics as an applied research field. Lind also serves as an expert for World Economic Forum, Europe’s Digital Transport Logistic Forum (DTLF), and UN/CEFACT. He has been the lead author of more than 30 concepts notes associated to maritime informatics and with over 8 500 LinkedIn connections and well published in maritime trade press has become recognized thought leader in Maritime Informatics. He is based in Gothenburg, a major Scandinavia shipping centre with a number of companies already offering information services to the maritime sector. Lind and Watson have been mini-track chairs for Maritime Informatics at the major regional IS conferences in Europe and the Americas for several years.

Dr Michalis P. Michaelides is an Assistant Professor with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering and Informatics at the Cyprus University of Technology. Michalis research interests include communication systems, wireless sensor networks, event detection and localization, fault detection and diagnosis, fault tolerance, collaborative signal and information processing, computational intelligence with applications to environmental monitoring, intelligent systems and maritime informatics. Michalis has been involved as a principal investigator in many research projects, both local and European, including the Sea Traffic Management Validation (EU, 2016-2019) and STEAM (RPF, INTEGRATED/0916/0063, 2019-2021). In 2014, he received the Elsevier Building and Environment Journal Best Paper Award.

Robert Ward was the Secretary-General of the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) until his retirement in late 2017. Prior to that he was the Deputy Hydrographer of Australia. For more than 20 years he represented Australia and subsequently the IHO at the highest international levels and has played an influential role in the development and implementation of global digital data exchange standards for nautical charting services that now also underpin the IMO’s e-Navigation concept of a maritime digital information environment.

Dr Richard T. Watson is a Regents Professor and the J. Rex Fuqua Distinguished Chair for Internet Strategy in the Terry College of Business at the University of Georgia. He is a former President of the Association for Information Systems (AIS). In 2011, he received the AIS’s LEO award, which is given for exceptional lifetime achievement in Information Systems. He has written books on Data Management; Electronic Commerce, Internet Strategy, Energy Informatics; and Capital, Systems, and Objects and published nearly 200 journal articles, including articles in the major IS journals and practitioner journals such as Harvard Business Review and California Management Review. He was educated at the University of Western Australia (BSc, Dip. Comp), Monash University (MBA), and the University of Minnesota (PhD).


[1] To keep current on developments in Maritime Informatics, see http://maritimeinformatics.org/

HISTORY

Last updated on November 3rd, 2020 at 02:18 pm

Maritime Informatics studies the application of information systems to increasing the efficiency, safety, and ecological sustainability of the world’s shipping industry.

In mid 2014, the first scholarly post in Maritime Informatics was established within the Swedish Center for Digital Innovation, a cooperative effort of the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology in cooperation with Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). The position was partly funded by the Swedish Maritime Administration.